啓蟄 第八候 桃始咲(ももはじめてさく)

艶やかな桃の花が咲くころを迎えました。

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

さて、長崎大会のキーノートレクチャーの要旨が実行委員長の細井浩志先生から提出されましたのでお知らせ致します。

なお、細井先生のご発表は日本語で行われ、PPTは英語併記となります。

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キーノートレクチャー2020 長崎大会

発表者:細井浩志(日本時間学会理事・活水女子大学教授)

タイトル:長崎よりみる暦と宇宙観

日本は、大陸・朝鮮半島より多くの文化を受容したが、長崎県域は、古代より、その重要な窓口であった。肥前(長崎・佐賀県)出身の天台僧日延(にちえん)は、10世紀に大陸に渡り、符天(ふてん)暦(れき)法を学んできた。これによって西アジア起源の占星術である宿曜(すくよう)道(どう)は、人々の運命を占うことができるようになり、日本で仏教占星術として流行した。中世の日本の思想界では、この仏教由来の宇宙観と中国由来の宇宙観が対立したが、16世紀に、キリスト教によって、西洋の宇宙論がもたらされるという事件が起こる。これにより仏教的宇宙観は打撃を受けたが、キリスト教は江戸幕府に弾圧されると同時に、その宇宙観は儒教や神道によってキリスト教色が除かれ、地球説だけが取り込まれた。そのひとつの舞台が長崎であった。海外との交流が厳しく規制された江戸時代に、長崎の街は海外の文化が入ってくる場所であり、西洋の新しい天文学や地動説もまた長崎からもたらされたのである。

経歴

1994年九州大学大学院文学研究科博士後期課程単位取得退学。博士(文学)。1994-1997年九州大学文学部助手、1997-2017年 活水女子大学文学部講師・助教授・教授、2018現在 活水女子大学国際文化学部教授。大東文化大学東洋研究所兼任研究員、国立歴史民俗博物館共同研究員。専門は日本史学、特に古代中世文化史。主要研究テーマは六国史、陰陽道、長崎地域史。日本道教学会理事、日本時間学会理事。長崎学ネットワーク会議理事、日本カレンダー暦文化振興協会理事。

 

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Keynote lecture 2020 N agasaki

by Hiroshi HOSOI  (Professor in Kwassui Women’s University’s Faculty of International Cultural Studies)

Title:  Calendrical Systems and Conceptions of the Universe, and Their Connections to Nagasaki

Abstract:

Japan received so much in terms of culture from the mainland and from the Korean peninsula, but from ancient times it’s been the region of Nagasaki that has been the important window for receiving all those things. Nichien (dates of birth and death unkown), a Tendai monk from Hizen (present day Nagasaki and Saga prefectures) went to the mainland in the 10th century CE and studied the Futen calendar system (futen reki-hō). These studies led to Sukuyō-dō, which was a method of astrology-based divination originating in west Asia. Sukuyō-dō was able to predict people’s destinies and thus became a popular type of Buddhist astrology-divination in Japan. Later, from the standpoint of the Japanese world view in the medieval period, this type of Buddhist outlook of the universe and the Chinese outlook on the universe were at odds with each other, but in the 16th century another issue occurred that was brought about by Western cosmology introduced by Christianity. Western cosmology challenged the Buddhist outlook of the universe. But while the Edo shogunate suppressed Christianity, they adopted an outlook of the universe that retained the Western idea of a spherical earth, but were sure to erase traces of Christianity’s influence in favor of Confucianism and Shintō views. The stage for these developments was set in Nagasaki. In the Edo period, as restrictions against interactions with the West became stricter, Nagasaki served as a source of new Western ideas like astronomy and Copernicus’ heliocentric theory since there were places in Nagasaki where overseas culture could be found.

 

 

Profile:

In 1994 Professor Hosoi completed his PhD in Literature from Kyushu University’s Literary Studies department. From 1994 to 1997 he was a teaching assistant in Kyushu University’s Faculty of Literature; and from 1997 to 2017 rose through the ranks of Lecturer, Assistant Professor, and Professor in Kwassui Women’s University’s Faculty of Literature. From 2018 he has been a Professor in Kwassui Women’s University’s Faculty of International Cultural Studies. He also holds research positions at the Institute for Oriental Studies at Daito Bunka University in Tokyo and the National Museum of Japanese History. His specialties include Japanese history, particularly ancient and medieval cultural history. Major themes in his work include the Rikkokushi (Japan’s Six National Histories), Onmyō-dō, and Nagasaki’s regional history. He is board member of the Japan Taoist Studies Association, the Japanese Society for Time Studies, the Nagasaki Studies Network, and the Japan Association for Calendars and Cultural Promotion.

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